Sustainable Permaculture | Off the Grid Zero Waste Profitable Sustainable Permaculture Farming


Sustainable Permaculture | Off the Grid Zero Waste Profitable Sustainable Permaculture Farming and coming at you from lake atitlan
guatemala and today i’m going to show you around our off-the-grid
zero-waste profitable permaculture farm at one of the big ideas of permaculture
is that we use nature as our guide and we mimic the natural patterns and in
turn design ecosystems that can meet all of our needs one of the big patterns
that we can observe in nature is that nature produces no waste there is no
such thing as waste in nature because every output of one thing is used in
turn by something else continually adding to the diversity and
complexity of the system so that idea of producing no waste has been a sensual
theme in the design of our own house and permaculture farm since the beginning of
the farm we made the decision to be completely off the grid and aim to meet
all of our energy needs as locally and sustainably as possible for several
years we lived without electricity and thoroughly enjoyed it but more recently
we made the upgrade to a small solar system that consists of 390 watt panels
and two batteries I really want to stress here that going off the grid is
not just about going out and buying a bunch of fancy equipment really it’s
about looking deeply at our actual energy needs and devising strategies for
how we can reduce our usage and consumption furthermore sustainability
is a process and it’s achieved only through work and accepting constant
feedback for example our cooking energy is still not 100% sustainable we mainly
use a rocket stove with firewood that we grow on the land but we also use a
propane tank for a lot of our cooking our goal in the future is to build a bio
digester that will produce methane and hopefully reduce our need for propane
but at the current moment we haven’t achieved that yet beyond our energy use
all of our buildings as well are designed to feature locally available
renewable materials as with our house and other farm buildings the seed house
here is a perfect example of a natural building made exclusively from materials
we find on our land from the stone to the bamboo and soil
all the way to the wood these materials come from our land and are readily
renewed water is probably the most important element on any farmer
homestead without water you can’t really do much of anything at all and that’s
why when we picked our site and location we really prioritize access to clean
potable water because of its importance we felt the need to develop three
different resources at least that each provide us with clean drinking water
right behind me is our spring and this is our primary source of drinking water
aside from the spring we have a year-round river that provides all our
irrigation needs and filtered drinking water in an emergency finally we have
rain water systems that capture rainwater in a case one of the other
elements does not work aside from working with actively flowing bodies of
water we also work with passive harvesting of rainwater and other
overland flow the goal here as we see in nature is to slow the water down spread
it out across our landscape and sink it into the ground you can really remember
that easily slow it spread it sink it even if you’re not living on an active
profitable farm it should be pretty easy for any person or family to meet most of
their vegetable needs in a small space right behind their house in permaculture
we call the space surrounding the house that’s visited the most zone one and in
zone one it’s really quite easy to grow a whole lot of food to meet most of your
vegetable needs in this little garden right behind my house I have over 50
useful plants that are edible or medicinal visited regularly and watered
regularly they grow very well even if they’re packed in a little tight by
using companion planting an active care we produce all of our family’s vegetable
needs in this 8 meter by 8 meter patch a bit further away from the house we
cultivate our main calorie crop or energy crop which for us is taro root
the system in which we grow our taro root is in a forested system that mimics
the naturally occurring architecture of woodlands and forests if you look at any
forest you can see that different plants occupy different layers starting from
the bottom we have the root layer which for us is occupied by our main food crop
taro root beyond the root layer we have the ground
cover layer which for us is sweet potato worm int the sweet potato provides
edible greens as well as an edible root above the ground cover layer we have the
herbaceous layer which for us is sweet cucumber a shade tolerant fruit
producing cucurbit which gives a nice melon tasting fruit regularly above the
herb layer we have non heal which is a small sour orange or we have banana
beyond the herbaceous layer we go to the mid-sized or medium tree layer in our
food forest we grow loquats pomegranates limes and tree tomatoes
these occupy the small tree layer or the lower canopy above that layer we have
the big trees or the upper canopy layer which for us is avocados and bamboos
beyond that we have vines like passion fruit that grow all over the trees and
produce a lot of fruit we also have mushrooms growing which occupy an eighth
layer in a naturally occurring forest together these plants provide a large
amount of fruit that meets our fruit needs and keeps our diet exciting but it
really produces our taro root which is our major calorie crop another aspect of
the food fires is that we rotate different types of animals through
different parts of the farm at various times of the year this allows the
animals to fertilize the food forest and then allows the food forest to absorb
the fertilization and rest when the animals move to a different piece in
this particular case we have meat birds that live in this movable chicken house
behind us this chicken house is easily rotated to connect to four different
yards and that allows the chickens to be in one yard for a period of time and
then be moved to another place similarly goats which are the
cornerstone of our farming enterprise are rotated through pastures even
further away from the house by using people to guide their movements we move
the goats throughout different areas so that the man can regenerate once they’ve
been visited by the animals here we are in the market garden which aside from
the goats accounts for the main income for the farm the Market Garden mainly
grows greens herbs and a variety of vegetables that we sell locally within
our town and community the Market Garden is managed with animals and with
rotation of different types of crops we move chickens or pigs through here
regularly to help us turn the soil and weed out the bugs
we also rotate the different types of plants and ensure a wide variety of
companion planting to ensure diversity pest resistant pest resistance and
insect attractant unlike the food forest which is
relatively low labor the market garden requires a lot of attention and care all
of our farm is 100% spray free we do not use any pesticides not even organic ones
and so that increases a bit our labor that we need to spend to cultivate
annual crops for our market garden here we are and our pinning and chicken
house which is also our composting pile it is the whole compost pile for the
entire farm every amount of organic wastes that we produce whether it’s from
our kitchen from our gardens from the food forest and even from the goat barn
all of that comes into this house below me is over four feet of actively
composting deep bedding if you dig down a little you’ll feel a lot of heat and
below that is readily finished compost that you can apply anywhere to help your
plants grow by adding greens every day to the pigs and the chickens plus their
main food and a lot of kitchen and restaurant scraps we ensure that they
have a high quality diet lots of green material in their diet to get airflo Sun
and lots of exercise most importantly is they get food and nutrition from the
compost pile and there are primary turner’s so they do all the work while
producing eggs and compost well maybe not all of our organic waste goes
through the chicken house right here behind me is our composting toys toilet
which allows us to convert our human waste into a rich natural resource which
is fertilizer for our fruit trees since we began we always had the idea that
it’s not really good for us to let our waste become someone else’s problem when
you flush a toilet your poop goes away from your land and become someone else’s
troubles similarly any plastic that we find or that we reproduce we don’t let
it leave our land instead we stuff it in an old water bottles and that turns our
waste into a resource these eco bricks can be used to make garden beds or
benches or walls for me that’s really what off-the-grid and zero waste is all
about it’s about looking at things differently and seeing how you can
convert waste into resource so speaking of resources I think I will
convert some right now you guys want more information about our our
permaculture farm check out facebook.com/ backslash IT liner
Yonex happy pooping

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